Agriculture is characterized by inertia, innovations here can bear fruit only after a few years. But despite this, this industry is trying to develop and improve approaches. Digital technologies have also touched it, now drones are being actively introduced in agriculture, which will allow automating a number of processes and optimizing costs.
How drones in agriculture are used
An important area of agriculture is the development of precision farming, through which you can reduce the cost of maintenance equipment, fuel, purchase of seed and much more. For this, a large number of countries are actively introducing IT-technologies, thanks to which you can get high-quality results with minimal investment.
In the country, such an approach is only beginning to be used, and the main reason for this is limited financial capabilities. Despite this, domestic farmers are trying to follow innovations and actively promote the introduction of unmanned aerial vehicles for the agro-industrial complex. For their use in the state, there are favorable conditions. The legislation does not contain points regulating the use of drones. For comparison, in many countries for their piloting, it is necessary to open a special license.
Drones in agriculture is an excellent solution for controlling crops and land work. Such devices rise by 50-100 meters and in 50 minutes fly up to 12 km2 of allotments. Drones provide clear and accurate images, unlike satellites, the quality of which images depend on weather conditions. UAVs are not afraid of rain and fog – there are waterproof models.
The main task that is set before drones when used in agriculture is the creation of three-dimensional maps of the area. The devices provide complete information about the state of the land and its relief. These data allow us to make an analysis of land productivity, estimated yield and profit.
Another option for the use of drones in agriculture is planting crops. Such a system makes it possible to reduce costs by 85%. To do this, add to the drone containers, where there are seeds and sprouts, as well as fertilizers. The drone flies around the field and sprays the material over the area.
UAVs serve as transport for chemicals and mineral fertilizers. The devices have special sensors that control the height during flight. Due to this, the drone scans the soil and sprays the optimal amount of substances, adjusting its height. So you can achieve a uniform spray.
By means of drones control of crops is exercised. Flying around the plots, they convey information about the state of the crop and allow time to take measures for the treatment of plants or fertilization.
The use of drones in agriculture is a modern approach that will help develop the industry and reduce costs by automating a number of processes.